GIS of Wild Turkey Data in Kansas

Map of known wild turkey location as reported by a survey of regional experts shown with Omernik level two ecoregions outlined and numbered in bold black.  Inset table shows the numbers of known turkey locations within each ecoregion.  The counties shaded in green simply reported turkeys present throughout and did not provide specific locations.
Date January 2006 - August 2009
Categories Land Cover, Wildlife Management
Capabilities Analysis of Remote Sensing Data, Geospatial Database Development, Geospatial Modeling, Products and Services, Visualization
Contact Mike Houts
Funding
Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks
Location Statewide

Summary

Introduction
The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an important game bird in Kansas, and its widespread distribution has led to Kansas being ranked among the ten best states to hunt wild turkeys. In 2001 the Kansas Department of Wildlife and Parks (KDWP) and the National Wild Turkey Federation began work on the Kansas Wild Turkey Management Plan. KDWP personnel and biologists were surveyed in 2001 to collect data on known turkey locations throughout the state. The resulting information was processed and entered into a GIS that displayed the Township, Range, and Section of known wild turkey locations. The GAP wild turkey habitat map was conmpared to the known locations and the level of agreement assessed. Results showed good level of agreement, but it was inconsistent across the state. To address the issue of habitat variation, unique logistic regression habitat models were generated for each ecoregion to capture the changes in land cover and habitat preferences of wild turkeys across the state. The proportion of land cover types within known wild turkey locations was assessed using a generalized GAP land cover map and used to create habitat suitability models. Results showed a relatively consistent level of accuracy between ecoregions with an overall accuracy of 72% for the state.

Staff

Mike Houts

Project leader, Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program

Images

  • Map of known wild turkey location as reported by a survey of regional experts shown with Omernik level two ecoregions outlined and numbered in bold black.  Inset table shows the numbers of known turkey locations within each ecoregion.  The counties shaded in green simply reported turkeys present throughout and did not provide specific locations.
  • Probability of suitable wild turkey habitat as predicted by ecoregion-specific habitat models.  Values greater than 50% considered suitable habitat.  The lack of data in SE Kansas led to the under predicting of habitat in those counties.
  • Areas predicted as wild turkey habitat by the GAP vertebrate species map for wild turkeys.
  • Accuracy of the ecoregion-specific models and the GAP turkey habitat map.

Published Work

Houts, M., B. Houck, M. Mitchener. 2005. Modeling wild turkey habitat suitability in Kansas. Kansas Biological Survey, Lawrence, KS 1-11.