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Soy next to forest in Mato Grosso, Brazil

Mato Grosso Land Cover

June 14, 2017 in Agriculture, Amazon, Cerrado, Cotton, Deforestation, Intensification, Land Cover Mapping, Land Use Change, Mato Grosso, MODIS, NDVI, Remote sensing, Soybeans, Sugarcane

Mato Grosso is a frontier in the sense that natural vegetation, both rainforest and savanna, known as cerrado, are being replaced with crop production and other agricultural uses. Mechanized agriculture moved rapidly into the area in the 1990s, with soybeans the dominant crop. Since then, crop production increases have come about through both cropland expansion (horizontal intensification) and a transition from predominantly single-cropping to mostly double-cropping (vertical intensification). In July 2006, the Soy Moratorium was implemented with the purpose of reducing Amazon deforestation for the purpose of soy production.

Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate ...