China CO2 Terra NDVI

Coupling the Annual Atmospheric CO2 Cycle to Satellite NDVI

November 20, 2018 in Animation, Carbon dioxide, China, CO2, NDVI, Remote sensing, United States

The annual seasonal cycle in atmospheric CO2 concentrations is well known, largely attributable to the preponderance of mid-latitude, terrestrial vegetation in the northern hemisphere compared to the southern hemisphere. When northern hemisphere vegetation is photosynthetically active, which roughly corresponds with emergence through reproduction and primarily occurs during May-September, atmospheric CO2 is consumed and its concentration declines. Conversely, when northern hemisphere vegetation is senescing or dormant, atmospheric CO2 levels increase. By analogy with organismic respiration, this oscillatory behavior is sometimes described as the Earth “breathing.”

We created two animations illustrating the relationship between CO2 and terrestrial photosynthesis using the famous

Ecosystems of Kansas Summer Institute June 4 - June 2018 at the KU Field Station

June 14, 2018 in Ecosystems, EPSCoR, GIS, Kansas, NSF

The five day workshop was held at the KU Field Station. KU researchers provided University research information, activities and resources to help teachers develop curriculum that links current research to NGSS standards about Kansas Aquatic and Terrestrial ecosystems and Geographic Information Systems. Ten high school science teachers from across Kansas participated in the workshop. The workshop is part of the outreach program for the Kansas NSF EPSCoR project, Microbiomes of Aquatic habitats, Plants, and Soils (MAPS) led by Jim Bever and a team of interdisciplinary researchers from KBS and KU. EPSCoR Outreach Project

The GIS participants learned ...

2018 peas on 2017 corn stalks in northwest Kansas (picture by Jude Kastens)

2018 U.S. Corn & Soybeans Out of the Gate Fast

June 6, 2018 in Agriculture, Corn, Crop yield, Drought, Greenness, GreenReport, Growing Season, NDVI, Research, Satellite imagery, Soybeans, Weather, Wheat

June 6, 2018 – In collaboration with commercial partners TerraMetrics Agriculture, Inc. (TMAI) of Lawrence and Planalytics of Berwyn, PA, the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program (KARS) is keeping the industry apprised of the 2018 growing season through its GreenReport® and Crop Yield Forecast products. The GreenReport® was launched on March 14, and crop yield forecasting began March 21 with winter wheat. Corn and soybean yield forecasting started on May 30.

The 2018 growing season marks our 17th year of satellite-based, real time crop yield forecasting for the nation.

Following a prolonged winter that caused growth delays for ...

LiDAR Shaded Relief (Konza Prairie)

Kansas Statewide 2-m LiDAR

March 14, 2018 in Elevation, Kansas, LiDAR, Remote sensing, Shaded Relief

In 2005-2006, the state of Kansas began development of its LiDAR bare-earth elevation dataset with a 2-m resolution coverage along the Kansas River corridor and several adjacent counties. Over the course of the next decade, piece-by-piece, statewide coverage was eventually achieved. Data specifications improved along the way, so that most of the bare-earth raster data (referred to as digital terrain models, or DTMs) are available at 1-m resolution and have been subjected to hydro-flattening, whereby the water surfaces of many waterbodies and large streams have been given a smooth representation to facilitate hydrologic and hydraulic processing. New collections are underway ...

Soy next to forest in Mato Grosso, Brazil

Mato Grosso Land Cover

June 14, 2017 in Agriculture, Amazon, Cerrado, Cotton, Deforestation, Intensification, Land Cover Mapping, Land Use Change, Mato Grosso, MODIS, NDVI, Remote sensing, Soybeans, Sugarcane

Mato Grosso is a frontier in the sense that natural vegetation, both rainforest and savanna, known as cerrado, are being replaced with crop production and other agricultural uses. Mechanized agriculture moved rapidly into the area in the 1990s, with soybeans the dominant crop. Since then, crop production increases have come about through both cropland expansion (horizontal intensification) and a transition from predominantly single-cropping to mostly double-cropping (vertical intensification). In July 2006, the Soy Moratorium was implemented with the purpose of reducing Amazon deforestation for the purpose of soy production.

Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate ...
Western Kansas Potential Playa Areas (image by Jude Kastens)

Kansas Playas

June 8, 2017 in kansas playas, LIDAR, Playa, PLJV probable playa, Potential playa area, PPA, Topographic Wetland Identification Process, TWIP, Wetlands

Prior to European settlement in the 1800s, the Kansas landscape was home to thousands of wetlands. In addition to providing habitat, sustenance and freshwater to indigenous and migratory wildlife, wetlands naturally provide additional services including surface water treatment, groundwater recharge and flood mitigation. While many Kansas wetlands remain intact, most have been altered through cultivation and other landscape and drainage modifications, and as a consequence, their ecological and hydrological functions have been compromised. Recent recognition and appreciation of the vital services provided by wetlands, from playa wetlands in the west to emergent wetlands in the east, has led to increased ...
Council Grove Reservoir, Morris County, Kansas. Picture by Scott Campbell.

KARS makes available the Kansas Lakes and Reservoirs Data Repository Portal

September 29, 2014 in Chemistry, Kansas, kansas lakes, Lakes, Repository, Reservoir, Water

The Kansas Biological Survey and the Kansas Water Office have combined efforts to make available online the Kansas Lakes and Reservoirs Data Repository Portal, which can be found here.

The mission of the Kansas Lakes and Reservoirs Data Repository Portal is to serve as central point for users to obtain current and historical data about Kansas lakes and reservoirs. Rather than serving as a data repository, the portal is a dynamic connection to directly access datasets housed and maintained by various agencies and groups. The portal brings these datasets into a mapping application for direct viewing and data ...

Western Governors' Association Crucial Habitat Assessment Tool, 2013

KU and KBS are key partners in creation of new West-wide Crucial Habitat service

December 12, 2013 in Agriculture, Aquatic habitat, Corridors, Crucial Habitat, Energy resources, Fish and Game, Grasslands, Habitat, Impact, Land cover, Land use, Oil and Gas, Prairie, Protected areas, Remote sensing, Reservoir, Rivers, Sensitive species, Terrestrial habitat, Transmission Lines, Vertical Structures, Watersheds, Wetland and riparian, WGA, WGA CHAT, Wildlife, Wind Turbines

For the last three years, the Western Governors Association (WGA) has been working with state wildlife agencies to create a standardized map of Crucial Habitat across the western United States to inform energy, transportation, and land use planning decisions at a regional scale. A collaborative effort of this scope between state wildlife agencies has not been accomplished before, and this effort represents a huge step forward in identifying landscapes that provide important resources to wildlife.

Two units of the Kansas Biological Survey at the University of Kansas worked closely with the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism (KDWPT) ...

Kansas Natural Resource Planner update, 2013

Kansas Natural Resource Planner (NRP) receives major update

December 11, 2013 in Agriculture, Aquatic habitat, Conservation, Corridors, Crucial Habitat, Energy resources, Fish and Game, Grasslands, Habitat, Impact, Kansas, Land cover, Land use, Lepc, Lesser prairie-chicken, Native plants, Oil and Gas, Prairie, Protected areas, Reservoir, Rivers, Sensitive species, Terrestrial habitat, Transmission Lines, Vertical Structures, Watersheds, Wetland and riparian, WGA CHAT, Wildlife, Wind Turbines

The Kansas Biological Survey and Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program are pleased to announce the release of a new and updated version of the Kansas Natural Resource Planner (NRP). The online mapping application combines relevant natural resource data and infrastructure data together in an online mapping environment to help users make informed decisions. The new NRP is the result of a collaborative effort between KBS and the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism to provide an interactive mapping website that can be used to assist in the planning of energy and conservation projects so that Kansas can benefit from ...
Sample impact areas associated with an array of wind turbines.

KARS creates online tool for habitat impact assessments

December 9, 2013 in Agriculture, Bioassessment, Colorado, Conservation, Crucial Habitat, Grasslands, Great Plains, Habitat, Impact, Kansas, Land cover, Land use, Lepc, Lesser prairie-chicken, New Mexico, Oil and Gas, Oklahoma, Prairie, SGP CHAT, Texas, Transmission Lines, Vertical Structures, WGA, Wildlife, Wind Turbines

The KARS Program and the Kansas Biological Survey have added new online geo-processing tools to help energy developers estimate potential new landscape impact associated with oil/gas, wind, and electric transmission lines. The tools are part of the Southern Great Plains Crucial Habitat Assessment Tool (SGP CHAT) and are in support of the Lesser prairie-chicken (LPC) Range-Wide Conservation Plan that aims to conserve the species and preclude its listing as a Threatened species. In accordance with the Range Wide Plan, enrolled participants who, through the creation of new oil/gas wells, wind turbines, transmission lines…, negatively impact LPC habitat are assessed a ...